Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery, also known as MICS CABG (Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting) is heart surgery performed through several small incisions instead of the traditional open-heart surgery that requires a median sternotomy approach. MICS CABG is a beating-heart multi-vessel procedure performed under direct vision through an aterolateral mini-thoracotomy.
Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery is favored by surgeons and patients because of reduced post-operative discomfort, faster healing times and lowered risk of infections or complications. This procedure makes heart surgery possible for patients who were previously considered to be too at risk for traditional surgery due to age or medical history.Patients referred for this procedure may have Coronary Artery Disease (CAD); Triple Vessel Disease with median to large posterior descending artery (PDA); or previous unsuccessful stenting.
MICS CABG is performed through one window incision that stretches 5–7 cm in the 4th intercostal space (ICS). In some cases the thoractomy may be necessary in the 5th ICS instead. A soft tissue refractor is used to allow for greater visibility and access.
Two access incisions are also made at the 6th intercostal space and xphoid process to allow for operative instruments to pass through.
Above: Minimally invasive instruments position and stabilize the heart during coronary artery bypass surgery, avoiding the need for a sternotomy (incision of the sternum).
Using the Minimally Invasive technique, patients recover more quickly than from open-heart surgery and suffer fewer complications. Most patients can expect to resume all everyday activities within a few weeks of their operation. After surgery, patients are administered with a pain pump and drains that will be removed after one day. Patients are encouraged to move around as much as possible after their operation to recover quickly. Once discharged from hospital, patients require no further post-operative assistance.
Minimally invasive heart surgery procedures are a safe and broadly applicable technique for performing a wide range of complex heart procedures, including single or multiple heart valve procedures, bypass surgery, and congenital heart repairs.
Minimally invasive heart surgery has been used as an alternative to traditional surgery for the following procedures:
· Mitral valve repair and replacement
· Aortic valve replacement
· Atrial septal defects
· Coronary artery bypass
Benefits of MICS CABG
Eliminating the need for median sternotomy greatly reduces the trauma and pain associated with open-chest surgery and improves quality of life for patients. In the hospital, reduced post-operative discomfort enables patients to more quickly begin a much shorter recovery process with minimally invasive heart surgery. Most patients ambulate more easily and participate more actively in their personal care. Additionally, this approach lowers risk of complications such as bleeding and infection.
Minimally invasive heart surgery dramatically improves cosmetic scarring. Rather than a prominent 10-inch scar down the middle of the chest, patients are left with smaller marks to the side of the ribs. For women, in many cases, this scar is completely unnoticeable as it sits below the breast.
· No splitting of the breastbone
· Dramatic reduction in pain
· Lower risk of infection
· Lower risk of bleeding
· Reduced ICU and hospital stay
· Improved postoperative pulmonary function
· Accelerated recovery/return to activity
· Improved quality of life
· Greatly improved cosmetic result